Hutchinson


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The Hutchinson name is derived from the personal name Hugh, itself Norman French in origin from the word hug meaning “heart or soul.”  St. Hugh of Lincoln founded the first Carthusian monastery in England in the late 12th century and the popularity of the name was in part due to him.  However, some accounts give Hutchinson a much earlier Viking origin.

Hutchinson combines “Hugh” and “kin” to form Hutchin with “son.”  The Scottish spelling of the name is Hutchison
Hutchinsons outnumber Hutchisons by two and a half times today.

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EnglandThe Hutchinson name in England ran down the east coast, from Northumberland in the north to Lincolnshire in the south.  Hutchinsons here accounted for almost 70% of the Hutchinsons in the 1881 census.

DurhamThe Hutchinsons of Bishop Middleham near Sedgefield were first recorded in 1559, although family accounts suggest that they might have been there from a much earlier time.  They were yeoman farmers who did well.  Thomas Hutchinson was able to acquire Witton House near Stockton in 1705.   

Tom Hutchinson, related to this family, was living in a farmhouse at Sockburn near Darlington in 1799.  He was in some way also related to the poet William Wordsworth whom his sister Mary married.  Wordsworth's fellow poet Coleridge fell in love with the other sister Sara.  But nothing was possible except poems as Coleridge was already married. 

Another Hutchinson family can be traced to Richard Hutchinson who acquired the Dryburn estate near Durham in 1596.  John Hutchinson of this line was mayor of Durham in 1714.  However, the family reputation declined after that time and his grandson John sold Dryburn in 1760.

Yorkshire.  One Hutchinson line was said to have begun with Squire Bernard Hutchinson in the hamlet of Cowlam in the East Riding in the early/mid 1300’s.  However, other sources have Cowlam as a medieval village that had been deserted after the arrival of the Black Death around this time.

According to Perley Derby’s 1870 book The Hutchinson Family:


“The tradition of the family is that Anthony Hutchinson of Cowlam in Yorkshire, living around 1500, had eight sons.  The second of these sons, Thomas, went south to Owthorpe in Nottinghamshire and founded the family from which sprung the Parliamentarian John Hutchinson who signed King Charles’s death warrant.  Another son Richard went to Ireland and eventually founded the Hely Hutchinson Lord Donoughmore line.

Unfortunately, apart from tradition, proof of the above and the founding of most of the major branches of these Hutchinsons in Britain is sadly lacking."

Colonel John Hutchinson and his half brother Charles both held the Owthorpe estate, John until his death in prison, possibly from poisoning, in 1664 and Charles later afterwards.  There were Hutchinson descendants from Charles Hutchinson and from a later related Hutchinson, Nicolas of Southwell in Nottinghamshire.  Jeremy Hutchinson, descended from Nicolas, was made a Baron and died in 2017 at the grand age of 102.

While the above Hutchinsons may have originated in east Yorkshire, the larger numbers have been and still are in north Yorkshire.  Their numbers included: 
  • Hutchinsons who first appeared in Great Ayton records in 1631.  These Hutchinsons were for generations farm laborers.  But by the 1850’s Thomas Hutchinson had become prosperous enough to take over the Bank House farm.  
  • Hutchinsons who were yeoman farmers at Spennithorne near Middleham in the 1670’s.  John Hutchinson, born there, became a prominent Biblical scholar. 
  • the Hutchinsons in Egton near Whitby who were Catholic and therefore appeared on recusant lists.  The earliest reference here was to Robert Hutchinson and his wife Barbara in 1674.  The family continued to be recorded as recusants until 1780.  Hutchinson descendants emigrated to Canada in the 1830’s.  
  • the Hutchinson line at Grewelthorpe in Kirkby Malzeard parish which began with Peter Hutchinson, a yeoman farmer of Moorheads who was born around 1739.  He lived to be 102 (some say 105), dying there in 1841.
  • Sir Jonathan Hutchinson, the famous Victorian medical practitioner, who was born into a Quaker cloth-trading family at Selby in 1828.  
  • while a Hutchinson family in Ripon came originally from Alston in Cumbria.  William Hutchinson qualified as a solicitor in Ripon in 1876 and began his practice there.  His business passed to his son Charles and grandson Michael who each practiced for fifty years.
Lincolnshire.  John  Hutchinson, born around 1515, was the mayor of Lincoln in 1564.  His son Edward, living in Alford, was a mercer.  After his death in 1632 Edward's widow Susanna and five of his nine surviving children departed for New England.

Scotland. 
Hutchison is the spelling in Scotland, also found on the east coast - in Fife primarily before exdending inland to Edinburgh and Glasgow.  Among those from Fife were: 
  • Thomas Hutchison who was born in Kinghorn in 1796, the son of a cattle breeder.  He made his money as a wine merchant in Leith outside of Edinburgh.  In 1850 he bought the Carlowrie estate in West Lothian and had built there a large castle in Scottish baronial style.  His grandson Thomas was Provost of Edinburgh in 1921. 
  • Hutchison's which was established in Fife in 1830 when Robert Hutchison began trading in grain, flax, butter and flour from the harborside at Kirkcaldy.  They were flour millers there from the 1850's until the company was sold in 1972. 
  • and Alexander Hutchison who was a farmer and corn merchant born in Kirkcaldy in 1838.  His son Robert, created Baron Hutchison of Montrose, was a World War One general and Liberal MP.  
Hutchison is also a name of the Orkney islands.  An early example was Robert Hutchison who was born in Orphir in 1715.   Four generations of Hutchisons manned the lighthouse at Fair Isle, from 1840 to 1988.

Ireland. 
Hutchinsons in Ireland were generally of Scottish or English extraction.

Scottish
. 
William Hutchinson came to Stranocum in north Antrim from Glasgow as early as 1598.  His descendant George Hutchinson was active in putting down the United Irish Rebellion of 1798, earning him locally the nickname of Bloody Hutchinson.  Stanocum Hall stayed with the family until 1856. 

Francis Hutcheson was born in county Down in 1694, the son of a Scots-Irish Presbyterian minister.  He is considered one of the philosophical founding fathers of the 18th century Scottish Enlightenment. 

English
.  Edward Hutchinson arrived from England sometime in the 1660’s and made his home at Knocklofty House near Clonmel in Tipperary.  Although his direct male line ended, the Hutchinson name was maintained through Christiana Nickson, heiress to this estate.  Her son was created Baron Hutchinson in 1801.


Francis Hutchinson, who wrote a famous book in England debunking witchcraft persecutions, arrived in 1721 as the Bishop of Down and Connor.  His son Samuel was the Bishop of Killala, his grandson Sir Francis of Castle Sallagh in Wicklow created a baronet in 1782
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AmericaThe early Hutchinson arrivals were into New England.

New England
.  William and Anne Hutchinson who came with their family from Lincolnshire in 1634 were important figures in the early development of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
  Anne’s strong religious convictions proved to be at odds with the established Puritan clergy there and she and William departed in 1638 to form a new settlement in what would become Rhode Island.

Both William and Anne had died by 1643 and their son Edward then returned to Boston to make peace with the authorities there.  He was the forebear of a family of Boston merchants that culminated in Thomas Hutchinson, the Loyalist Governor of Massachusetts who was forced into exile in England in 1774. 
 

Another New England immigrant, Richard Hutchinson from Nottinghamshire, also arrived in 1634 and made his home in Salem, Massachusetts.  His son Joseph was one of the principal prosecutors of the Salem witch trials.  The Hutchinsons remained in Salem until 1734 and the main line then settled in Milford, New Hampshire.
  • one line through Samuel Hutchinson moved in the 1760’s to Norwich, Vermont. 
  • while another later line out of Massachusetts led to Benjamin Hutchinson, a grain speculator and banker in Chicago in the 1870's.  His son Charles helped found the Art Institute of Chicago in the early 1900's.   
George Hutchinson meanwhile had arrived on the Arabella with the Winthrop fleet in 1630.  His descendants settled in Lebanon, Connecticut.   Holmes Hutchinson moved to Utica, New York in 1819 and worked as an engineer in the building of the Erie canal.  His son Charles was the mayor of Utica in 1875. 

Elsewhere
. The Hutchinsons who came to Charleston, South Carolina sometime in the 1670’s were descended from Colonel John Hutchinson, the regicide.  Dr. John Hutchinson was a prominent physician in the town in the early 1700’s.  His descendant Mathias founded in the late 1700’s what became the town of Summerville, South Carolina. Hutchinsons later dispersed.  Some remained in South Carolina, others departed for Kentucky and Texas.

William and Ann Hutchinson were recorded as living in Milford, New Jersey from the early 1700’s.  Ann Hutchinson, born in 1699, lived to be 101.  Four of her grandchildren became Methodist ministers.


John Hutcheson later Hutchinson, Scots Irish from Ulster, arrived in Philadelphia around 1730 and was an early settler in Augusta county, Virginia.  By 1746 he was operating a grist mill at Christians Creek there.  Another Scots Irish family, headed by William Hutchinson, came to South Carolina in the 1770’s and settled in what became Laurens county.  Their history was told in Frederick Hutchinson’s 1947 book The Hutchinson Family of Laurens County
.

Canada.  Hutchinsons in Canada could be of English, Scottish or Irish origin.

John Hutchinson and his family from north Yorkshire had originally emigrated to America but, being Loyalists, diverted themselves to Nova Scotia in 1788.  Their descendants settled in Morristown NS in the 1830’s.  George Hutchinson became well known as a traveling architect in the early 1900’s.  The Hutchinson orchards are showplaces in Morristown today.

Dr. John Hutchison, a newly accredited surgeon in Scotland, arrived in Canada in 1818 and was an early settler in Peterborough, Ontario.  His stone house there, built in 1837, has been preserved as a museum.  John died during the typhoid epidemic in 1847.  Meanwhile George Hutchinson, Scots Irish from county Cavan, came to Argenteuil, Quebec with his family in the late 1820’s.

Caribbean.
  Scottish Hutchisons made an early impression in Jamaica.  Lewis Hutchison arrived in the 1760’s to head an estate there known as Edinburgh Castle.  But he soon became known as the Mad Master of Edinburgh Castle because of his killing sprees.  David Hutchison from Ayr meanwhile owned the Coffee Grove plantation in Manchester, Jamaica in the early 1800’s.

Australia. 
William Hutchinson from London was a classic example of a convict in Australia who made good. Transported to Australia on the Hillsborough in 1799, he was soon convicted of theft in Sydney and dispatched to the penal settlement on Norfolk Island.  But he later became a successful businessman in Sydney and had extensive land holdings as well.  He died in 1846 a rich man
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Select Hutchinson Miscellany

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Anne Hutchinson was an important Puritan spiritual leader of early New England, later banished for her beliefs to Rhode Island.
Francis Hutcheson, born in Ulster, is considered one of the philosophical founding fathers of the 18th century Scottish Enlightenment.
William Hutchinson, a mariner and marine inventor based in Liverpool, helped establish the world's first lifeboat station at Formby in Lancashire in the late 1700’s.
The Hutchinson Family Singers
 were an American family singing group from New Hampshire who became the most popular American entertainers in the 1840’s.

Charles Hutchinson
 was a prominent Chicago business leader best remembered today as the founding president of the Art Institute of Chicago in the early 1900’s.

Select Hutchinsons Today
  • 41,000 in the UK (most numerous in Yorkshire)
  • 28,000 in America (most numerous in Texas) 
  • 28,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Canada)

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